b'Canberra observed Canberra observedneed to be addressed in order to reacheconomy, with new strengths in both those goals. This is where CSIROs report onthe domestic and export sectors.the Australian National Outlook 2019 makesAn Urban shift to enable well-connected, a significant contribution (https://www. affordable cities that offer more equal csiro.au/en/Showcase/ANO) to Australiasaccess to quality jobs, lifestyle amenities, future wellbeing. The 422 page documenteducation and other services.follows on from the 2015 Outlook. A groupAn Energy shift to manage Australias comprising of over 50 leaders from 22transition to a reliable, affordable, leading Australian organisations in thelow-emissions energy economy that industry, the not-for-profit and educationbuilds on Australias existing sources of sectors, collaborated on articulating acomparative advantageview about Australias future. Their reportA Land shift to create a profitable and provides connectivity between four keysustainable mosaic of food, fibre and David Denham AM goals and five key issues to analyse whatfuel production, carbon sequestration Associate Editor for Government could happen if the status quo (and Slowand biodiversity.denham1@iinet.net.au Decline) continues or if the Outlook VisionA Culture shift to encourage more is achieved. engagement, curiosity, collaboration The four key goals, or the shared vision,and solutions, and should be What will Australia beare: supported by inclusive civic and like in 2060? Prosperous and globally competitivepolitical institutions.industries The ANO compares a Slow Decline CSIROs Australian National OutlookInclusive and enabling communities scenario with the Outlook Vision. For Sustainable natural endowments example, the diagram below shows 2019 Technical report articulatesStrong public and civic institutions emissions projections for the Slow the challenges, but will theDecline and the Outlook Vision (Figure 1).Government take any notice? The ANO argues that to realise these visionary goals there needs to be: There are several other modelling results It is impossible to forecast the future, butfor example for electricity generation, it helps if you have a plan that identifiesAn Industry shift to enable apopulation distributions in our major visionary goals and the key issues thatproductive, inclusive and resilientcities and land use.Figure 1.Emissions projections for a Slow Decline and the Outlook Vision, measured in millions of tonnes of CO 2equivalent (MtCO 2 e). Other stationary energy is the consumption of energy other than in electricity generation or for transport fuel. It is mostly the direct use of fuels by industry, the majority of which is for the provision of heat by gas combustion. The red line represents net emissions (i.e. the amount of carbon released minus the amount sequestered or offset. For more details, see the Australian National Outlook 2019 Technical report.AUGUST 2019 PREVIEW 34'